The causes of Eczema.

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Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a complex condition with multiple factors contributing to its development. While the exact cause isn’t fully understood, several factors are believed to play a role. Here we examine the most commonly quoted causes of Eczema.

  1. Genetics: Eczema tends to run in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition. Specific genes related to the skin barrier function and immune response may increase the likelihood of developing eczema.
  2. Immune system dysfunction: People with eczema often have an overactive immune system that responds abnormally to triggers, leading to inflammation and skin irritation.
  3. Environmental factors: Certain environmental factors, such as allergens, irritants (including fragrance), climate, and pollutants, can trigger or exacerbate eczema symptoms.
  4. Skin barrier dysfunction: A compromised skin barrier allows moisture to escape and irritants to penetrate, leading to dryness, itching, and inflammation characteristic of eczema.
  5. Microbes: Bacteria, viruses, and fungi on the skin can play a role in eczema flare-ups, either by directly causing infection or triggering an immune response.
  6. Allergies: Allergies to foods, pet dander, pollen, or other substances can exacerbate eczema symptoms in some individuals.
  7. Stress: Emotional stress can worsen eczema symptoms, although it’s not a direct cause. Stress may weaken the immune system and exacerbate inflammation, leading to flare-ups.


Symptoms include red, dry, itchy skin, which can sometimes weep, become blistered, crusted and thickened. However, the appearance of eczema and the locations of the body affected can vary greatly depending on the age of the person affected.

The main symptom is an intense itch. Scratching only provides temporary relief, and leads to more itching and scratching (the itch-scratch cycle), which can worsen eczema and make the skin more vulnerable to infection. Scratching in response to itch can cause some of the changes seen on the skin in eczema.

The intense itch is very uncomfortable, can be severe enough to interfere with sleep, and negatively impact on the quality of life of the person affected, as well as his/her family. Some people with more pronounced eczema can also experience social embarrassment due to the visibility of their condition.

Typically atopic eczema goes through phases of being severe, then less severe. During a ‘flare up’, when eczema is very active, symptoms such as redness, dryness and itch worsen, while at other times, symptoms settle.

Understanding these factors can help individuals manage and reduce eczema symptoms through proper skincare, avoiding triggers. Bragan Skincare’s atopic cream has helped 1000’s of people with Eczema and continues to do so.