How do I treat eczema on my scalp?

In this blog we try to answer the question “How do I treat eczema on my scalp?”

Seborrhoeic dermatitis is one of the most common types of eczema seen on the scalp and hairline. It can affect babies in the form of cradle cap, as well as children and adults. In people with lighter skin tones, the skin appears scaly and red. In people of colour, affected areas may be scaly and lighter in colour than the surrounding skin and may have no redness.

Dandruff:There is often dandruff as well, which can vary in severity. There may also be a rash on other parts of the face, such as around the eyebrows, eyelids and sides of the nose. Seborrhoeic dermatitis can become infected. See National Eczema Society’s factsheets on Seborrhoeic dermatitis in adults and Seborrhoeic dermatitis and cradle cap in infants for more information.

Atopic eczema is another common type of eczema that can affect the scalp at any age. The skin is dry, itchy and inflamed, and can easily become infected, especially if scratched and when there is broken skin.

Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when the immune system in the skin overreacts to a chemical that has, until this point, not caused any reaction. For an allergy to develop, repeated exposure to the chemical is required over a period of time, usually months or years. Everyday items that can cause allergic contact dermatitis on the scalp include the following:

  • Shampoos, conditioners, gels, sprays and other hair products
  • Hair dyes, perm solutions, hair extension glue
  • Swimming caps, hair nets – especially those containing rubber
  • Hair clips and headgear – especially those containing rubber or nickel.

Irritant contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that occurs when the skin’s surface is irritated by a substance that causes the skin to become dry, itchy and inflamed. For example, shampoos, mousses, hair gels, hair spray, perm solution and fragrance can all cause irritant contact dermatitis.

Treatment

Here at Bragan Skincare we have developed a range of fragrance free products using the healing power of snail mucin to address the issue.

Moisturising the scalp

The skin on the scalp requires moisturising just like the body, but it can be difficult to get beyond the hair to the scalp. Medical emollients can be applied to the scalp by parting the hair and massaging them into the skin. Ointment-based emollients are not suitable as they are grease-based and difficult to wash out. We have developed a Scalp Soothe product that can be applied directly to the scalp using the aplicator on the bottle. The product cane be left on the scalp without washing it out and it will simply be absorbed by the scalp.

Washing hair

If you have scalp eczema, normal shampoos containing detergents and fragrance are likely to irritate your scalp. Conditioners can also irritate the scalp, so are best avoided. Try to avoid shampoos and hair products that are fragranced, as these may cause irritation and possibly allergy. Use hair dryers on a cool setting; hot air will increase dryness and itch.

We have developed a shampoo especially to cope with this problem. It is fragrance free and very gentle on the scalp. It has a nourishing effect on the hair and leaves your hair feeling soft and clean.

We are in the process of testing a new fragrance free conditioner and we hope to bring that to market later this year. Seborrhoeic dermatitis should be managed with shampoos and moisturisers especially designed to reduce the yeast element and characteristic flaking. Bragan Skincare’s Scalp Soothe and Shampoo will help you control the condition. We hope this has finally answered the question “How do I treat eczema on my scalp?

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