Science : The benefits of snail slime for skin.
Science Backs Use Of Snail Mucin In Skincare Products For These Benefits
Snail slime contains a powerful combination of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and pro-regenerating components.
Snail mucus has been used as a wound healing agent, surgical glue, and to combat gastric ulcers, too.
Snail mucin is the latest buzz in the skincare world. It has amassed popularity due to its extensive use in Korean beauty products. Although it may sound a bit icky, the use of snail slime in skincare has been practised since ancient times. In recent years, it has gained global recognition for its remarkable ability to improve skin texture, reduce fine lines, and hydrate the skin. What exactly makes this not-so-ordinary skincare ingredient work wonders for your skin, though?
According to a study published in January in the Molecules journal, snails secrete a slime or mucus that helps protect their foot– a rather large part of their body– from injury, bacteria, and UV rays. This viscous and liquid secretion has a very low pH. It helps these tiny molluscs in locomotion, feeding, and defence from predators. Snail slime for skin contains a powerful combination of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and pro-regenerating components. This includes allantoin, glycolic acid, elastin, collagen, vitamins, and mucin-like glycoprotein complexes. These compounds have various beneficial effects, such as sun protection, exfoliation, and more.
Allantoin, for instance, helps to heal, soothe, and smooth the skin. Collagen, which is present in connective tissue, skin, tendons, bones, and cartilage, provides structural support to tissues and plays an essential role in tissue repair and maintenance. As one ages and the collagen level drops, one begins noticing fine lines and wrinkles. Glycolic acid, on the other hand, stimulates cell renewal and reduces dark spots and hyperpigmentation. This results in an even skin tone.
Snails move across surfaces that are contaminated with pathogens and parasites with their foot. However, the secretion of mucus along their feet protects against such microbes. This shows that the mucin in snail slime has antimicrobial properties. When used on the skin, this helps keep acne at bay. Snail mucin also helps other ingredients and antioxidants, such as glycolic acid, and vitamins A, E, and C, do their jobs more effectively.
The slime also has therapeutic potential against melanoma, one of the most dangerous skin cancers. Two extracts derived from the gastropod Cryptomphalus aspersa have been found to have dermal regeneration properties. The active snail extract treatment appears to be effective in improving signs of skin ageing in women aged 45 to 65, as per a research paper published in 2020 in the Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology.